Resource Library: Coaching

SPDG Coaching Resources


Organizing Themes:


Coaching Strategies


Tanya B. Ihlo, Differentiating Supports for a Wide Range of Systems & Instructional Coaches
Event recording


Dale Cusumano and Angela Preston, Coaching Practice Profile (SISEP)
Download PDF


Tanya Ihlo, State Implementation and Scaling-up of Evidence-based Practices (SISEP).  Considerations for Determining Intensity of Coaching Supports.
Event recording
Presentation slides


Sophia Farmer and Corinne Wilson, VTSS Evaluation.
Discussion of the Virginia Tiered Systems of Support (VTSS) and their data driven systems coaching work.
Presentation slides
Event Recording



Instructional CoachingTop

Instructional Coaching During the Coronavirus Crisis, by Larry Ferlazzo (March 2020; EdWeek)


Instructional Coaching Group – Jim Knight videos on Trust, Empathy, Judgement


Instructional Coaching for Implementing Visible Learning:
A Model for Translating Research into Practice by Jim Knight
Center for Research on Learning, The University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66045, USA
Educ. Sci. 2019, 9(2), 101; https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci9020101


Digital Promise's Instructional Coaching Playbook
-- includes research findings on the positive impact of coaching and strategies to build and grow a sustainable coaching program and develop effective teacher/coach collaboration.


Google for Education's Certified Coach Program (online curriculum) offers about 20 hours of content built for instructional coaches that focuses on a wide range of topics: reflecting with teachers about the coaching cycle; working with administrators to make time for coaching; building relationships with teachers; measuring impact; and more.


Instructional coaching as high-quality professional development
(LM Desimone, K Pak, 2018).
Theory Into Practice.


A preliminary investigation of using school-based coaches to support intervention fidelity of a classwide behavior management program
(A. F. Gilmour, J. H. Wehby & T. M. McGuire, 2017).
Preventing School Failure: Alternative Education for Children and Youth, 61:2, 126-135


Ohio’s Peer Coaching Model for Literacy
Carolyn Turner and Michelle Elia are Ohio Literacy Leads with State Support Team 13, where they work to scale up Ohio’s Plan to Raise Literacy Achievement through professional development.
Event recording
Slide presentation
Ohio Literacy Peer Coaching Guide


Weekly Coaching Roundup Blog from TeachBoost


Systems CoachingTop


What is a Systems Coach?
From the Oregon Department of Education and University of Oregon


EBISS Systems Coach Self-Assessment


Systems Coaching: Coaching Problem of Practice
Kim St. Martin shares insight on system-level coaching.
Presentation slides


Systems Coaching and Leadership (Florida's MTSS)


Florida MTSS Systems Coaching Survey


Coaching Systems Development Worksheet from SISEP


Coaching Effectiveness Data Use - Case Example


Capacity Coaching
The Florida SPDG team discuss Capacity Coaching as a tool for sustainability:
Janice Creneti, SIM Assistant Project Manager for the Florida SPDG;
Elaine Miller, Check & Connect Director for the Florida SPDG;
Peg Sullivan, Director of Florida’s SPDG 

District Capacity Coaching Overview
Event recording
Slide presentation
Chat window transcript


Data Analysis Map: A Scientific Approach to Data-Based Decision Making
In this webinar, Kacie Olson of the Kansas Learning Network provides tools and frameworks that can help your coaches to support effective data use for problem solving and improved impact.
Event recording
Slide presentation



Early Childhood CoachingTop


Coaching as a Key Component in Teachers’ Professional Development, Improving Classroom Practices in Head Start Settings


Early Care And Education Coaching: A Closer Look At Coaching Models In Child Care And Head Start


Supporting Practitioners in their Implementation of Recommended Practices: Using Practice-Based Coaching


Practice-Based Coaching (PBC)


Oregon's Early Childhood EBISS Coach Checklist


Creating a Professional Development System That Includes Coaching: Using Social and Emotional Practices


Live Video Conferencing as a Viable Tool for Coaching Providers on the Use of Evidence-Based Practices


Effectively Coaching Providers to Maximize Social and Emotional Outcomes: Supporting Providers to Work with Families of Young Children to Promote Social and Emotional Outcomes



Developing Teams

Facilitator Core Competencies
Appendix A in Elena Aguilar, The Art of Coaching Teams: Building Resilient Communities that Transform Schools. Jossey-Bass, 2016.


Tuckman's Stages of Group Development


The Team Functioning Scale: Evaluating and Improving Effectiveness of School Teams

Gaumer Erickson, A.S., Noonan, P.M., Supon Carter, K., McGurn, L., & Purifoy, E. (2015).
The Team Functioning Scale: Evaluating and improving effectiveness of school teams.
International Journal of Educational Research, 69, 1-11.


Team-initiated Problem-solving (TIPS) Fidelity Checklist
(Todd, Newton, Horner, Algozzine, & Algozzine, 2014).


Establishing Implementation Teams (SISEP)


Implementation Team Checklist (SISEP)


Look-fors: Implementation Team Meetings (SISEP)



Developing a Coaching SystemTop

Coaching as a System of Support (SISEP)


Coaching System Development Worksheet (SISEP)


Coaching Action Plan



Modules, Tools & Other ResourcesTop

Competencies of Coaching: Research and Resources. Presentation Slides

Handout 1Handout 2Handout 3

(OSEP Project Directors' Conference - Cusumano & Pierce, 2018)

Coaching Overview Interactive Lesson (SISEP)
This 15 min. lesson is best viewed in browsers other than Safari
View Lesson


Coaching Coaching Service Delivery Plan

Georgia SPDG Coach Training Videos
This series of videos describes:

  • the effects of coaching and professional development
  • the differences between training and coaching
  • the characteristics of effective coaching
  • reflective listening skills
  • clarifying vs mediative questions; and
  • praise and feedback, specifically making feedback meaningful

Collecting Data on Coaching
Coaching FidelityTop


Effective Coaching of Teachers: Fidelity Tool Rubric (NCSI, 2017)


Considerations for Determining Intensity of Coaching Supports
Event recording
Tanya Ihlo, State Implementation and Scaling-up of Evidence-based Practices (SISEP)


Coaching Effectiveness Data Use - Case Example (SISEP)


Look Fors: General Coaching


Look-Fors: Targeted Coaching


Kim St. Martin, Coaching Effectiveness and Measuring the Impact on Coaching Supports
Presentation slides
Event recording


2017-18 MIBLSI IS Coaching Feedback Survey

District Coaching Service Delivery Plan 3.7.18


DIT_CSDP_cheat sheet

Implementation Unit Data Analysis Guide11.30


State Coaching ExamplesTop


MiBLSi Coaching Resources
Provides overview of coaching functions and responsibilities for Michigan's SPDG. MI's coaching service delivery plan provides more detail.

Ohio Coaching Resources


NJ SPDG iCoach
Model (Glover & Reddy)
Glover, T., & Reddy, L.A. (2017).
Instructional coaching: Instructional Coaching: Consideration of Key Competencies from Multiple Models, Theory into Practice, 56, 1-2.



Providing FeedbackTop


Observing and Describing Behavior
(Blase, 2010)

Peer-to-Peer Feedback
Process for Peer Sharing (Learning Forward)
The Expert Next Door: Lesson Observations and Peer Feedback (Learning Forward)



Using Technology for Coaching (Distance Coaching or Hybrid Coaching) Top


A Self-Led Approach to Improving Classroom Management Practices Using Video Analysis
Nagro SA, Hirsch SE, Kennedy MJ. TEACHING Exceptional Children. 2020;53(1):24-32.  doi:10.1177/0040059920914329
Please note that Classroom Teaching Scan (CT Scan) assessments are free and publicly available.

Distance Learning Playbook from the Instructional Coaching Group


With Bug-in-Ear Coaching, Teachers Get Feedback on the Fly. Education Week, Vol. 38, Issue 23, Pages 1, 14-15 (Published in Print: February 27, 2019, as “Bug-in-Ear Tech Helps Teachers”)

This article cites studies that have found bug-in-ear coaching to increase teachers’ use of evidence-based practice and to sustain that implementation.  It also describes how the NC SPDG is supporting teachers through their coaching system.


Supporting the Alabama Adolescent Literacy Project (ALP) through Online Instructional Coaching and Consultation
(PPT, Coaching PLC Webinar March 2012). For this webinar the Alabama SPDG team and Dr. Marcie Rock will describe how they have standardized elements of coaching across their different initiatives, zeroed in on the core components of coaching and consultation, and determined appropriate uses of technology for their provision of coaching and consultation, including Bug-in-Ear technology (BIE). This presentation may be helpful for your work related to Program Measure 1 (evidence-based professional development) and Program Measure 2 (improving implementation fidelity).

eCoaching: The effects on co-teachers' planning and instruction
DM Ploessl, ML Rock - Teacher Education and Special, 2014 - journals.sagepub.com
Although co-teaching has become a popular approach to special education service provision in inclusive classrooms, practitioners have struggled to carry it out well.

Bug-in-Ear eCoaching: Impacts on Novice Early Childhood Special Education Teachers
C. Grygas Coogle, JR Ottley… - Journal of Early …, 2018 - journals.sagepub.com
A multiple-probe, single-case design was used to determine the effects of bug-in-ear eCoaching on teachers' use of two targeted naturalistic communication strategies and focus children's responses to these strategies.

How Are They Now? Longer Term Effects of eCoaching Through Online Bug-In-Ear Technology
ML Rock, RE Schumacker, M Gregg… - Teacher Education …, 2014 - journals.sagepub.com
In this study, using mixed methods, we investigated the longer term effects of e Coaching through advanced online bug-in-ear (BIE) technology.

My Teaching Partner-Secondary: A Video-Based Coaching Model
A. Gregory, E. Ruzek, C. A. Hafen, A. Y. Mikami, J. P. Allen & R. C. Pianta
Pages: 38-45
Published online: 18 Jan 2017: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5571870/


The NCSIP eCoaching Continuum Feedback Matrix
Laura Marsden

Feedback form
Presentation Slides



Other Papers/PublicationsTop


Annotated Bibliography of Recent Reserch Related to Coaching, SISEP
posted 9-12-2016.

Theory Into Practice: Instructional Coaching Practices: Promising Models, Empirical Support, and Considerations for Practice 

(Edited by Todd Gover & Linda Reddy from the NJ SPDG)


DeCorby-Watson, K., Mensah, G., Bergeron, K., Abdi, S., Rempel, B., & Manson, H. (2018). Effectiveness of capacity building interventions relevant to public health practice:  A systematic review. BMC Public Health. Published online, DOI:10.1186/  s12889-018-5591-6


Gallucci, C., Van Lare, M.D., Yoon, I.H., & Boatright,B. (2010). Instructional coaching   building theory about the role and organizational support for professional learning.        American Educational Research Journal, 47, 919-963. DOI: 10.3102/002831210371497 


Gilmour, A.F., Wehby, J.H., & McGuire, T.M. (2017). A preliminary investigation of  using  school-based coaches to support intervention fidelity of a classwide behavior    management program. Preventing School Failure:  Alternative Education  for Children and Youth, 61(2), 126-135, DOI:  10.1080/1045988X.2016.1214907


Kraft, M., Blazar, D., Hogan, D. (2016). The effect of teacher coaching on instruction and achievement:  A meta-analysis of the causal evidence. Review of Educational Research. Published online, DOI:10.3102/0034654318759268


McIntosh, K. & Turri, M.G. (2014). Positive behavior support: Sustainability and continuous regeneration. In C.R.Reynolds, K.J.Vannest, & E. Fletcher-Janzen (Eds.), Encyclopedia of special education:  A reference for the education of children,   adolescents, and adults with disabilities and other exceptional individuals (4th ed., pp.      2061-2064). Hoboken, NJ:  Wiley.


The University of Florida Lastinger Center for Learning, Learning Forward, & Public Impact. (2016). Coaching for impact: Six pillars to create coaching roles that achieve their potential to improve teaching and learning. Gainesville: University of Florida Lastinger Center; Oxford, OH: Learning Forward; and Chapel Hill, NC: Public Impact.


Prevalence of Coaching and Approaches to Supporting Coaching in Education
Kasey Van Ostrand, John Seylar, Christina Luke, Ph.D.